Cardiovascular disease

What is cardiovascular disease?

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) refers to conditions that affect the heart and blood vessels. It is an umbrella term that encompasses diseases which impact the circulatory system, including:

Some major risk factors for CVD include high blood pressure, high cholesterol, smoking, obesity, and diabetes. Genetic factors can also play a role.

CVD can manifest with varying signs and symptoms depending on the specific condition. Chest pain, shortness of breath, palpitations, dizziness, and fatigue are common. More serious events like heart attack or stroke may be the first sign in some people.

Early detection is key, as many interventions can prevent progression of disease. Lifestyle changes, medications, procedures, or surgery may be recommended. Management aims to lower modifiable risk factors.

Routine screening tests like blood pressure readings, blood tests, EKGs, and stress tests can uncover issues before they become dangerous. Paying attention to concerning symptoms and maintaining regular check-ups is essential.

In summary, cardiovascular disease encompasses multiple conditions affecting the heart and vessels that supply blood to vital organs. Factors like high cholesterol contribute to plaque buildup that can block or harden these arteries. Ruptures in these plaques cause clots leading to events like myocardial infarction or stroke. Catching issues early and controlling risk factors gives the best chance at prevention and positive outcomes. Consider scheduling a screening at our clinic if heart disease is a personal concern.

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