Obesity is defined as having an excessively high amount of body fat in relation to lean muscle mass. The most commonly used method to determine if someone is obese is body mass index (BMI). A BMI over 30 is considered obese.
Obesity develops when a person consumes more calories from food and beverages than their body can efficiently burn off through normal daily activities and exercise. The excess calories are then stored as fat. Obesity is a complex health issue caused by many interrelated factors including:

Obesity significantly increases the risk for other health conditions like:

Losing even a modest amount of weight can help reduce these health risks. Effective long-term weight loss often requires changes in eating habits, increase in physical activity, behavior changes, and in some cases medication or surgery.

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